A modified antipodal vivaldi antenna (AVA) with elliptical slotting edge (ESE) for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications
As the demand of UWB system increases nowadays, several types of hybrid technique on antenna design are studied, modified, and proposed for UWB applications. In this work, an enhanced performance of modified antipodal Vivaldi antenna (AVA) for targeting ultrawideband (UWB) frequency range between 2.17 GHz and 10.6 GHz has been proposed. This proposed UWB antenna is using FR-4 substrate with dielectric constant, ε r = 4.4 and the electrical conductivity tangent loss, tanΔ = 0.019. This antenna design is based on the modified from the dual exponential tapered slot antenna (DETSA) with varying of the exponential flares design for obtain the best return loss of the antenna within the frequency bandwidth of the UWB. It has two exponential flares that follow the characteristic of exponential curve. Next, an elliptical slotting edge (ESE) with fixed horizontal radius and varied vertical radius is implemented to the antenna which effectively increases the performance of the antenna at lower frequencies. These modifications are done without changing the antenna size, which is 70 mm x 90 mm in dimension, which is approximately 0.5λ x 0.6λ, where λ is the wavelength of 2 GHz. The effects of the parameters of the antenna characteristic are also studied. In this case, the parametric study on varying distance between elliptical slots, Ks. It shows that, the higher value of Ks will effect to shift to the resonant frequency and increase the return loss of the antenna. At 9.104 GHz of resonant frequencies, it shows of the best return loss of 48.809 dB. Rather than that, the side lobe levels of the radiation pattern of the antenna are reduced in the lower frequencies.