UWB Antenna with Artificial Magnetic Conductor (AMC) for 5G Applications
Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020. This paper presents the design of an ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna for Internet of Things (IoT) applications that operate within 5G operating frequencies. One of the IoT-based devices' architecture is wireless body area networks (WBANs). WBAN allows computer device to communicate with human body signal by trading digital information like electrical conductivity. Fifth generation (5G) is the state-of-the-art generation mobile communication. A higher data speed it offers will improve data communication efficiency in WBAN system. One of the biggest challenges foreseen for the wearable UWB antenna is the antenna bandwidth. The challenge is to warrant a wideband performance throughout the operating frequency, and a trade-off with a high dielectric in proposed substrate is essential. This paper presents design and parametric analysis of an antenna using a typical industry-preferred Rogers material (RO4350B) substrate with wider bandwidth as compared to 5G frequencies, 10.125-10.225 GHz. This paper also exhibits bandwidth improvement with the presence of artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) as a metasurface. A typical UWB patch antenna was initially designed before being integrated with AMC through a parametric analysis. This paper analyzes the frequency, gain, directivity and antenna efficiency before and after optimization. This paper successfully demonstrates a slotted Y-shaped antenna design with coplanar waveguide (CPW) using a Rogers material (RO4350B) as a substrate and the bandwidth improvement by 15.6% with the AMC as a metasurface.