Ultrathin metamaterial microwave absorber using coconut coir fibre over x-band frequency range
This paper presents the new design of simple one layer ultrathin metamaterial microwave absorber using coconut coir fibre as the substrate. The metamaterial microwave absorber is composed of a periodic array of square loops and patches with circle cut out printed on a dielectric material which is coconut coir fibre backed by PEC. CST Microwave Studio software is used for the design and simulation over frequency range of X-Band and Ku-Band (8.2-18 GHz). From the simulation result, 90% absorption was achieved in the frequency range of 8.94 - 10.0 GHz (X-Band) with highest absorption of 99.7% at 9.37 GHz. Furthermore, the metamaterial microwave absorber has a total thickness of 1.6 mm which is only approximately 0.04λ at lowest frequency. The result shows that coconut coir fibre from the agricultural waste has a great potential to be developed further in electromagnetic wave applications particularly microwave absorber.