Chacon, J. E.; Duon, T.; and Wand, M. P., Asymptotics for General Multivariate Kernel Density Derivative Estimators, Centre for Statistical and Survey Methodology, University of Wollongong, Working Paper 08-09, 2009, 30p.
We investigate general kernel density derivative estimators, that is, kernel estimators of multivariate density derivative functions using general (or unconstrained) bandwidth matrix selectors. These density derivative estimators have been relatively less well researched than their density estimator analogues. A major obstacle for progress has been the intractability of the matrix analysis when treating higher order multivariate derivatives. With an alternative vectorization of these higher order derivatives, these mathematical intractabilities are surmounted in an elegant and unified framework. The finite sample and asymptotic analysis of squared errors for density estimators are generalized to density derivative estimators. Moreover, we are able to exhibit a closed form expression for a normal scale bandwidth matrix for density derivative estimators. These normal scale bandwidths are employed in a numerical study to demonstrate the gain in performance of unconstrained selectors over their constrained counterparts.