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This paper examines what is wrong with current CAL research and its literature. The principal problem Is that CAL research has developed horizontally. but not vertically. This is reflected in the literature which contains a plethora of specific implementations of CAL but few attempts to draw any generalisations from these that might advance our understanding of CAL. This is attributed to the fact that two fundamental questions about CAL are not asked: those questions being ·When should CAL be used?" and ·What constitutes good CAL?". The absence of these questions is. in turn. attributed to a false bias amongst CAL researchers which leads them to be more concerned that their work uses computers than that It has direct educational benefit.