The export-led growth hypothesis is tested using monthly time series data for Shanghai (one of the major exporting provinces in China) using the Granger no-causality procedure developed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995) in a vector autoregresion (VAR) model. This paper builds on the existing literature in three distinct ways. This is the first study of the export-led growth hypothesis which employs a regional dataset (Shanghai). Second, the paper follows Riezman et al. (1996) in controlling for the growth of imports to avoid a spurious causality result; and finally, the use of the methodology by Toda and Yamamoto is expected to improve the standard F-statistics in the causality test process. The research finds one-way Granger causality running from GDP to exports
Shan, J. & Tian, G. G. (1998). Causality between exports and economic growth: the empirical evidence from Shanghai. Australian Economic Papers, 37 (2), 195-202.