Communication and consultation in Malaysia: impact of the 1975 Code of Conduct
Employee participation through communication and consultation was one of the intended outcomes of the Code of Conduct for Industrial Harmony 1975 in Malaysia (hereafter referred as the ‘Code’). The Code is subdivided into sections on employment policy, training, payment policy, redundancy and retrenchment, collective bargaining and collective agreements, procedures for resolving disputes, procedures for disciplinary action, and communication and consultation. Since 1975 there has been no examination of whether or not the communication and consultation section of the Code has been effective in promoting employee participation in the Malaysian workplace. Government, employers and unions appear to be interpreting the Code in differing ways. This research investigates the issues pertaining to the Code and employee participation in Malaysia from the perspective of employers, union and the government.