Frameworks to assist adoption of infection prevention and control programs. Does the literature exist?
The importance of comprehensive infection prevention and control programs (IPCPs) to preventhealthcare associated infection is well reported in the literature. What is not as well reported are the conceptualframeworks that guide the adoption of these comprehensive programs. By reporting the catalysts and processesassociated with the successful adoption of IPCPs, a template for successful program implementation may bedeveloped that will assist others in recognising such opportunities, thus enabling replication. This paper providesstimulus for such adoption and implementation.A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to identify reports of comprehensive IPCP adoption andthe conceptual frameworks used in the process. The review revealed an absence of relevant literature examiningthe adoption of comprehensive IPCP or associated conceptual frameworks. Only one published study demonstratedthe Diffusion of Innovations framework, and is discussed in detail. The outcome of this literature review points toa clear need for more research into IPCP adoption. This is especially important as relevant literature would assistlow-resourced healthcare settings in their adoption of comprehensive IPCPs.