Cultivating learning within projects
The pressing need of competitive advantage bears down on all organizations. They are either pressured by cutting costs through being more efficient (less waste, less re-work and working smarter) or they need to be more effective (providing differentiated or unique value-adding quality service). Both efficiency and effectiveness strategies require organizations to effectively harness the knowledge of work groups and individuals to learn how to be both efficient and effective. But knowledge is not enough. Knowledge is passive whereas learning is active, and action from learning can transform. One significant key to competitive advantage is the ability for organizations [including temporary organizations such as projects] to learn.