Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Details

Sina Anzapour, Naj Aziz, Jan Nemcik, Alex Remennikov, Ali Mirzaghorbanali, Jordan Wallace, Static and dynamic tendon pull-out test research at the University of Wollongong, Proceedings of the 2022 Resource Operators Conference, University of Wollongong - Mining Engineering, February 2022, University of Southern Queensland, 182-189.


Tendon technology is widely used for strata control in underground coal mines, in both primary and secondary support systems. The understanding of how they work is crucial to effective strata reinforcement design. Research on tendon technology is an evolving study and this paper is aiming at maintaining this evolution by continuing research on load transfer mechanisms under both static and dynamic conditions, which was reported initially by (Anzanpour, 2021) in ROC2021. This programme of study includes testing of different strength capacity cable bolts, which have been important in the stabilisation of the ground around mining excavations affected by rock bursts and ground seismicity. The aim of the study was to evaluate tendon performance in different loading environments. From a series of tests carried out in the most recent study, it was found that in pull testing, the load transfer characteristics vary with respect to the type of testing. The required dynamic energy for pulling-out a cable bolt can be between 50-80% lower than the static load, based on the cable type and its geometry (Plain or Bulbed). Debonding and pullout mechanisms regardless of loading rate, seem to be similar in both static and dynamic tests, however, plain cable bolts behave differently from bulbed cable bolts in reaction to pull-out load.