Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Details

Abouna Saghafi, Kaydy Pinetown and Hoda Javanmard, Developing a New Method to Identify the Source of Gas Emissions into Longwall and Goaf from Surrounding Strata, 15th Coal Operators' Conference, University of Wollongong, The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and Mine Managers Association of Australia, 2015, 237-241.


During coal mining, strata is fractured and gas trapped in the roof and floor of coal seams travels into the workings. Depending on the extent and shape of fractured zones suitable gas drainage patterns are required to maximise the gas capture from strata but also to minimise the cost of operations. In this paper a new method to identify gas emitting zones/seams in the embedding strata and gas migration pathways is presented. The developed method was used in a coal mine in the Southern Coalfield of the Sydney Basin. Geochemical properties of gas trapped in coal seams above and below the mining horizon were analysed and compared with similar properties of gas collected from goaf areas. This study shows that using this method it is possible to identify the source of gas in goaf areas and thus determine the extent of fracturing in the strata around the mined seam.