It is a widely held belief that anthropogenic addition of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere will lead to rapid climate change. It is also a widely held belief that the burning of fossil fuels for power generation is a major contributor to these anthropogenic additions, predominantly the emission of carbon dioxide and the consequential increase in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. Irrespective of the cause and effect of the increased carbon dioxide levels it is in the interest of the coal mining industry to work with various partners to develop methods of reducing the rate of emission of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Carbon capture and sequestration has the potential to meet that objective. This paper looks at the various methods of carbon sequestration and presents the published results from various laboratory and theoretical studies to determine the potential for carbon sequestration in coal measures rocks.