Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Details

V. Mutton, M. Salu, M. Johnston and C. Mans, Design and construction of water holding bulkheads at Xstratacoal's Oaky No 1 Mine, 12th Coal Operators' Conference, University of Wollongong & the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2012, 229-240.


A systematic approach is required for the design of bulkheads including consideration of the longevity of building materials, quality control during construction and methods to monitor performance of the retention system. Bulkhead site preparation and construction method using wet mix concrete is described with particular reference to anchoring the bulkheads to the strata with keys and steel bolts and post-construction resin injection of the concrete/strata interface.