Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Date


Publication Details

This conference paper was originally published as Bird, M. Emergency management systems and plans, in Aziz, N (ed), Coal 1998: Coal Operators' Conference, University of Wollongong & the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 1998, 672-682.


Despite improving technology, better training and the use of modem monitoring and communication systems there is a disproportionate rate of diameter occurrences in the mining industry .The use of appropriate plans and a practical approach and managing risk can reduce the number of occurrences and ensure better control of emerging situations when they do occur.