Outbursts of gas, coal and rock are not a new phenomenon and have seriously impacted the safety of men and equipment within mines and the ultimate viability of the operations. Operational and management techniques have been applied to mines in the Illawarra as a means of working with outburst issues, but a complete understanding of the phenomenon at the different mines and locations is still lacking. Over the years specialists have championed the studies and investigations and significant advancements have been made in the safety of the mines. Extraction of quality reserves in otherwise unmineable domains has been made possible. With the economic pressure now on the coal industry, studies and research into outbursts of coal and gas has declined worldwide, and we are at a crossroad for the future.