Publication Details

Carbonilla Gorra, V. & Bhati, S. S. (2016). Students' perception on use of technology in the classroom at higher education institutions in Philippines. Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning, 4 (3), 92-103.


Issue of unintended consequences of use of technology in class room is important because unintended consequences can cause disruption in class room and negate the institutional policies regarding strategic direction and intervention in teaching and learning process. Current literature on the use of e-learning for teaching focuses on factors which increases the effectiveness of e-learning but there is very little research on unintended consequences of e-learning, particularly in regard to developing countries. The present research seeks to fill in this gap in the research. This research investigates the consequences of the use of technology during classroom activities in higher education institutions of Philippines when the students are expected to do classwork and attend to their work in the college. These questions were studied using a survey method of research. The students sample consisted of 221 students from different state colleges and universities in Caraga region of Philippines. Students' perceptions on positive and negative consequences were observed. A ranking and frequency analysis method was used to calculate the consequences observed. The most observed positive consequences were instant messaging through chatting, lesson enquiry about assignments, sending and receiving e-mails, research through surfing the net including data gathering by downloading files and sharing cultural experiences with others through internet. Among the negative consequences listed by students were accessing social websites like face book, twitter etc. during class work, playing games, playing music, answering and returning calls and downloading and using copyrighted material. It is further observed that incidence of positive and negative consequences vary with the use of technology. The ranking of positive and negative consequences differ in all the three cases of use of technology - computer with internet, laptop with internet and mobile with internet. From the frequency analysis of positive, negative and net consequences of use of technology in class room it is observed that students are most likely to have negative consequences using mobile with internet. It is concluded that most students in state colleges and universities in Caraga region in the Philippines are likely to use technology in classroom for the purpose of positive consequences supporting the view that use of technology helps in enhancing learning related activities in classroom

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