Culture in mind – An enactivist account: Not cognitive penetration but cultural permeation

Publication Details

Hutto, D., Gallagher, S., Ilundáin-Agurruza, J. and Hipólito, I. 2020. Culture in mind – An enactivist account: Not cognitive penetration but cultural permeation. In L. J. Kirmayer, S. Kitayama, C. M. Worthman, R. Lemelson and C. A. Cummings (Eds.), Culture, Mind, and Brain: Emerging Concepts, Models, Applications (163-187). New York: Cambridge University Press.


Advancing a radically enactive account of cognition, this chapter argues for the possibility that cultural factors permeate rather than penetrate cognition such that cognition extensively and transactionally incorporates cultural factors in lieu of there being any question of cultural factors having to break into the restricted confines of cognition. We review the limitations of two classical cognitivist, modularist accounts of cognition in addition to a revisionary new order variant of cognitivism – a predictive processing account of cognition (PPC). We argue that the cognitivist interpretation of PPC is conservatively and problematically attached to the idea of inner models and stored knowledge. Instead, we offer a radically enactive alternative account of how cultural factors matter to cognition – one that abandons all vestiges of the idea that cultural factors might contentfully communicate with basic forms of cognition. In place of that idea, we promote the possibility that culture permeates cognition.

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