To negotiate trade and avoid politics: the overseas Chinese trade missions to China and Taiwan, 1956-57
IN 1949, THE GEOPOLITICAL SITUATION IN EAST and Southeast Asia changed dramatically with the victory of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in a civil war. On 1 October, Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People'S Republic of China (PRC). In December, the defeated National Government of the Kuomintang (KMT) fled to Taiwan where, under the "Temporary Provisions Effective during the Period of the Communist Rebellion", the Republic of China (ROC) continued its claim to be the legitimate government of all China. Chiang Kai-shek, who had resigned in January 1949, reassumed the position of President of the ROC on 1 March 1950.