Publication Details

Donaldson, M, The Recession, Technological and Social Change in a Regional Economy: The Steel Industry in Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia, United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organisation Meeting of Experts on the Social Assessment of Technological Change in a Number of Developing Countries, Nairobi, Kenya, 25-29 November 1985.


This paper tells the story of the downturn in the steel industry in the early 1980's and its effects on Wollongong, a 'steel city' in Australia. It analyses the responses of the organised working class through its trade unions, community organisations and political parties and their efforts to confront mounting levels of unemployment by developing strategic alliances with small businesses and the local state.