The Responsibility to Prevent: Opportunities, Challenges and Strategies for Operationalisation
At the World Summit in 2005, Heads of State and government unanimously endorsed the Responsibility to Protect (R2P). Member States agreed that each state is responsible for protecting its population from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. The international community acknowledged a collective responsibility to assist states in providing this protection. Furthermore, in circumstances in which states are “manifestly failing” to protect their own populations, the international community recognised its responsibility to take “timely and decisive” action to do so.