Who rules the waves?: Piracy, overfishing and mining the oceans
August 2007: the mini-submarine Mir-I disengages from a Russian research vessel and Artur Chilingarov powers the vessel down to the bottom of the Arctic Ocean near the North Pole. Mir-I lands smoothly on the yellow seabed. The purpose of the visit was partly to collect fauna and flora, but they were not in evidence. The prime motive, however, was to place a flag made out of titanium that would last for centuries, in order to stake a claim on the seabed for Russia. The tricky part was how to get back from there, 4,200 metres under the sea. A gap had been cut in the ice above but if it wasn't located the submarine could be trapped.