Australian Left Review



August 21, 1968 is etched in the minds of most socialists. The action of foreign troops from five Warsaw Pact powers that halted the development of a humane and democratic socialist order, dramatically challenged the views and assumptions of several generations of communists. The subsequent bitter debate compounded by the Husak policy of ‘normalisation’, arid selective trials of the supporters of ‘human socialism’, led to further fragmentation of the international communist movement, and divisions within several western communist parties. Yet August 21, 1968 does not signify the end of Czechoslovak history.



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