Australian Left Review

Article Title

The Meaning of Hegemony


David Sallach


Throughout the world of Western capitalism, the Marxist Left has been characterised by a growing concern with the role of ideological hegemony in preserving the existing social order. The student movement correctly noted that one major characteristic of advanced capitalist society was its burgeoning ideological institutions - particularly in edu cation and mass media. Consequently, a major tactical focus of the new Left involved “demystifying” and “exposing” liberal insti tutions. In recent years, the concern with ideological hegemony has expanded as evidenced by the continuing influence of the Frankfurt school and the growing interest in the thought of Antonio Gramsci.