Publication Details

Md Din, M. F., Wang, J. L., Campbell, S. J., Zeng, R., Hutchison, W. D., Avdeev, M., Kennedy, S. J. & Dou, S. X. (2013). Magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect of NdMn2-xTi xSi2 compounds. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 46 (44), 1-11.


The structural and magnetic properties of the intermetallic compounds NdMn2−xTixSi2(x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, and 0.3) have been studied by x-ray and high resolution neutron powder diffraction, specific heat, dc magnetization, and differential scanning calorimetry measurements over the temperature range 3–450 K. The Curie temperature and Néel temperature of NdMn2Si2 decrease from TC = 36 K and TN = 380 K to TC = 14 K and TN = 360 K, respectively, on substitution of Ti (x = 0.3) for Mn. The magnetocaloric effect at the first order ferromagnetic phase transition at TC, has been investigated in detail. Under a change of magnetic field of 0–5 T, the maximum value of the magnetic entropy change is 27 J kg−1 K−1 at x = 0, reducing to 15.3 J kg−1 K−1 at x = 0.1 and 10 J kg−1 K−1 at x = 0.3; importantly, no thermal or field hysteresis losses occur (eliminated from 0.3 K and 28.5 J kg−1 at x = 0 around TC) with increase in Ti concentration. Combined with the lack of any hysteresis effects, these findings indicate that NdMn1.9Ti0.1Si2 compound offers potential as a candidate for magnetic refrigerator applications in the temperature region below 35 K.

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