Publication Details

Gaihre, B., Ashraf, S., Spinks, G. M., Innis, P. C. & Wallace, G. G. (2013). Comparative displacement study of bilayer actuators comprising of conducting polymers, fabricated from polypyrrole, poly(3,4- ethylenedioxythiophene) or poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene). Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical, 193 (April), 48-53.


The stress gradient generated due to electrochemical oxidation/reduction of a conducting polymer in a bilayer actuator causes a bending movement. Here we report a comparative study of the displacement of bilayer actuators prepared using different conducting polymers. The effects of conducting polymers obtained from electrochemical or chemical synthesis route: different polymers (polypyrrole (PPy), poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) PEDOT and poly(3,3-dihexyl-3-4-dihydro-2H-thieno[3,4b][1,4]-dioxepine [PProDOT(Hx) 2]); and different electrolytes (0.1 M lithium trifluromethanesulfonate/propylenecarbonate (LiTFSI/PC) and 1-ethyl-3-methyl imidazolium trifluromethanesulfonate (EMITFSI)) on the displacement amplitude and displacement patterns of these actuators were investigated and compared. The results indicate that the bilayer actuator consisting of an electrochemically synthesized conducting polymer exhibits far greater displacements compared to chemically synthesized polymers at the same stimulating voltage. Similarly, amongst the three conducting polymers considered, the PPY actuator showed greater displacement followed by PProDOT and PEDOT. Furthermore, the use of different electrolyte solution during polymerization as well as during actuation was found to affect not only displacement distance but also its pattern.



Link to publisher version (DOI)