© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The impact of phase structure on piezoelectric performances of textured Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT) based lead-free ceramics was studied, including 0.88NBT-0.08K0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.04BaTiO3 (88NBT) with morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) composition and 0.90NBT-0.07K0.5Bi0.5TiO3-0.03BaTiO3 (90NBT) with rhombohedral phase. Both textured ceramics exhibit a high Lotgering factor, being on the order of f~96%. The piezoelectric coefficients of the textured 88NBT and 90NBT ceramics are increased by 20% and 60%, respectively, comparing to their randomly oriented ceramics. The piezoelectric enhancement of 90NBT textured ceramic is three times higher than 88NBT, revealing the phase structure plays a significant role in enhancing the piezoelectric performances of textured ceramics. Of particular significance is that the 90NBT textured ceramic exhibits almost hysteresis-free strain behavior. The enhanced piezoelectric property with minimal strain hysteresis is attributed to the poled rhombohedral engineered domain configuration.