Composition gradient (1-x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 film with improved dielectric, piezoelectric and ferroelectric temperature stability
© 2020 Lead-free (1-x)Ba(Ti0.8Zr0.2)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BZT-BCT) possesses comparable piezoelectric constant with lead zirconate titanate (PZT), but its poor temperature electric performances stability and low Curie temperature limit its application. Here we designed composition graded BZT-BCT films with improved temperature stability of piezoelectric, ferroelectric, and dielectric performances over a wide temperature range, and the d33 reaches 21 pm/V with hysteresis loop even at 180 °C, which is far above the Curie temperature of BZT-BCT ceramic and BZT-0.5BCT film. The excellent temperature stability is ascribed to the lattice distortion and strain gradient in the grains caused by ions diffusion, and could suppress phase transition. This work could bring forward a feasible design for dielectric/piezoelectric/ferroelectric devices operating in harsh temperature environment.