Revisiting the structural stability and electromechanical properties in lead zinc niobate-lead titanate-barium titanate (PZN-PT-BT) ternary system
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Lead zinc niobate-lead titanate (PZN-PT) system is of particular interest for scientific researches and commercial applications due to the unique relaxation feature and superior electromechanical responses. However, it is difficult to prepare polycrystalline ceramics near the morphotropic phase boundary due to the stability of a competing lead niobate pyrochlore phase. BaTiO3 (BT) was reported to be an effective perovskite phase stabilizer at a cost of reduction in Curie temperature and piezoelectric properties. Herein, the amount of BT in PZN-PT-BT system and the sintering conditions were optimized to simultaneously stabilize the perovskite phase and maintain high dielectric and piezoelectric response. An optimum piezoelectric coefficient d33 ∼ 870 pC/N along with a Tm ∼ 133 °C and an electromechanical coupling coefficient k33 ∼ 0.61 was obtained in the PZN-8PT-6BT ceramics sintered at 1100 °C. The low sintering temperature, wide processing window, and improved dielectric and piezoelectric properties make PZN-PT-BT ceramics potential candidates for piezoelectric devices.