Porous bowl-shaped VS 2 nanosheets/graphene composite for high-rate lithium-ion storage
Two-dimensional (2D) layered vanadium disulfide (VS2) is a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) due to the high theoretical capacity. However, it remains a challenge to synthesize monodispersed ultrathin VS2 nanosheets to realize the full potential. Herein, a novel solvothermal method has been developed to prepare the monodispersed bowl-shaped NH3-inserted VS2 nanosheets (VS2). The formation of such a unique structure is caused by the blocked growth of (001) or (002) crystal planes in combination with a ripening process driven by the thermodynamics. The annealing treatment in Ar/H2 creates porous monodispersed VS2 (H-VS2), which is subsequently integrated with graphene oxide to form porous monodispersed H-VS2/rGO composite coupled with a reduction process. As an anode material for LIBs, H-VS2/rGO delivers superior rate performance and longer cycle stability: a high average capacity of 868/525 mAh g−1 at a current density of 1/10 A g−1; a reversible capacity of 1177/889 mAh g−1 after 150/500 cycles at 0.2/1 A g−1. Such excellent electrochemical performance may be attributed to the increased active sites available for lithium storage, the alleviated volume variations and the shortened Li-ion diffusion induced from the porous structure with large specific surface area, as well as the protective effect from graphene nanosheets.