LiFePO4 Particles Embedded in Fast Bifunctional Conductor rGO&C@Li3V2(PO4)3 Nanosheets as Cathodes for High‐Performance Li‐Ion Hybrid Capacitors
The sluggish kinetics of Faradaic reactions in bulk electrodes is a significant obstacle to achieve high energy and power density in energy storage devices. Herein, a composite of LiFePO 4 particles trapped in fast bifunctional conductor rGO&C@Li 3 V 2 (PO 4 ) 3 nanosheets is prepared through an in situ competitive redox reaction. The composite exhibits extraordinary rate capability (71 mAh g −1 at 15 A g −1 ) and remarkable cycling stability (0.03% decay per cycle over 1000 cycles at 10 A g −1 ). Improved extrinsic pseudocapacitive contribution is the origin of fast kinetics, which endows this composite with high energy and power density, since the unique 2D nanosheets and embedded ultrafine LiFePO 4 nanoparticles can shorten the ion and electron diffusion length. Even applied to Li-ion hybrid capacitors, the obtained devices still achieve high power density of 3.36 kW kg −1 along with high energy density up to 77.8 Wh kg −1 . Density functional theory computations also validate that the remarkable rate performance is facilitated by the desirable ionic and electronic conductivity of the composite.