Engineering the poly(vinyl alcohol)-polyaniline colloids for high performance waterborne alkyd anticorrosion coating
The ecofriendly waterborne alkyd coatings generally compromise the coating performance. Incorporation of polyaniline into alkyd to form nanocomposites can improve the corrosion resistance; however, the uniform distribution of polyaniline (PANI) within the alkyd resin remains a challenge. In this work, PANI is grafted onto epoxy functionalized phosphorylated poly (vinyl alcohol) (PPVA) with different side-chain configurations in order to improve compatibility and dispersion stability. These functionalized PPVA are synthesized using epichlorohydrin (ECIP) or γ-glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) as modifying agents, and respectively labeled as E-PPVA and G-PPVA. G-PPVA/PANI dispersion is stable even at a high PANI loading of 50%, while the maximum PANI loading for E-PPVA/PANI is only 30%. With the incorporation of G-PPVA/PANI into waterborne alkyd resins (AR), the coating resistance is increased by 7 orders of magnitude, and the corrosion inhibition efficiency is up to 99.9%. The coating with the incorporation of G-PPVA/PANI also demonstrates superior long-term corrosion resistance in comparison with that AR/E-PPVA/PANI nanocomposite coating.