Magneto-Seebeck effect in Co2FeAl/MgO/Co2FeAl:first-principles calculations
The magneto-Seebeck effect has recently attracted considerable attention because of its novel fundamental physics and future potential application in spintronics. Herein, employing first-principles calculations and the spin-resolved Boltzmann transport theory, we have systematically investigated the electronic structures and spin-related transport properties of Co 2 FeAl/MgO/Co 2 FeAl multilayers with parallel (P) and anti-parallel (AP) magnetic alignment. Our results indicate that the sign of tunneling magneto-Seebeck (TMS) value with Co 2 /O termination is consistent with that of the measured experimental result although its value (-221%) at room temperature is smaller than the experimental one (-95%). The calculated spin-Seebeck coefficients of the Co 2 /O termination with P and AP states and the FeAl/O termination with the AP state are all larger than other typical Co 2 MnSi/MgO/Co 2 MnSi heterostructures. By analyzing the geometries, electronic structures, and magnetic behaviors of two different terminations (Co 2 /O and FeAl/O terminations), we find that the two terminations in the interface region form anti-bonding and bonding states, reconstructing the energy gap, changing the magnetic moment of O atoms, and improving the spin-polarization (-82%). This phenomenon can be ascribed to the charge transfer and hybridization between Co/Fe 3d and O 2p states, which also results in a bowknot orbital shape of Co atoms with Co 2 /O termination and an ankle shape of Co atoms with FeAl/O termination far away from the interface. Moreover, there are spin-splitting transmission gaps with the Co 2 /O-termination around the Fermi level, while the transmission gaps with the FeAl/O-termination are closed and thus show a typical metallic character. Our findings will guide the experimental design of magneto-Seebeck devices for future spintronic applications.