Title

Nonvolatile and Reversible Ferroelectric Control of Electronic Properties of Bi2Te3 Topological Insulator Thin Films Grown on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 Single Crystals

RIS ID

134017

Publication Details

Yan, J., Xu, Z., Chen, T., Xu, M., Zhang, C., Zhao, X., Liu, F., Guo, L., Yan, S., Gao, G., Wang, F., Zhang, J., Dong, S., Li, X., Luo, H., Zhao, W. & Zheng, R. (2019). Nonvolatile and Reversible Ferroelectric Control of Electronic Properties of Bi2Te3 Topological Insulator Thin Films Grown on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 Single Crystals. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 11 (9), 9548-9556.

Abstract

Single-phase (00l)-oriented Bi 2 Te 3 topological insulator thin films have been deposited on (111)-oriented ferroelectric 0.71Pb(Mg 1/3 Nb 2/3 )O 3 -0.29PbTiO 3 (PMN-PT) single-crystal substrates. Taking advantage of the nonvolatile polarization charges induced by the polarization direction switching of PMN-PT substrates at room temperature, the carrier density, Fermi level, magnetoconductance, conductance channel, phase coherence length, and quantum corrections to the conductance can be in situ modulated in a reversible and nonvolatile manner. Specifically, upon the polarization switching from the positively poled P r+ state (i.e., polarization direction points to the film) to the negatively poled P r- (i.e., polarization direction points to the bottom electrode) state, both the electron carrier density and the Fermi wave vector decrease significantly, reflecting a shift of the Fermi level toward the Dirac point. The polarization switching from P r+ to P r- also results in significant increase of the conductance channel α from -0.15 to -0.3 and a decrease of the phase coherence length from 200 to 80 nm at T = 2 K as well as a reduction of the electron-electron interaction. All these results demonstrate that electric-voltage control of physical properties using PMN-PT as both substrates and gating materials provides a simple and a straightforward approach to realize reversible and nonvolatile tuning of electronic properties of topological thin films and may be further extended to study carrier density-related quantum transport properties of other quantum matter.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b20406