Publication Details

Esrafilzadeh, D., Zavabeti, A., Jalili, R., Atkin, P., Choi, J., Carey, B. J., Brkljaca, R., O'Mullane, A. P., Dickey, M. D., Officer, D. L., MacFarlane, D. R., Daeneke, T. & Kalantar-Zadeh, K. (2019). Room temperature CO2 reduction to solid carbon species on liquid metals featuring atomically thin ceria interfaces. Nature Communications, 10 (1), 865-1-865-8.


Negative carbon emission technologies are critical for ensuring a future stable climate. However, the gaseous state of CO 2 does render the indefinite storage of this greenhouse gas challenging. Herein, we created a liquid metal electrocatalyst that contains metallic elemental cerium nanoparticles, which facilitates the electrochemical reduction of CO 2 to layered solid carbonaceous species, at a low onset potential of −310 mV vs CO 2 /C. We exploited the formation of a cerium oxide catalyst at the liquid metal/electrolyte interface, which together with cerium nanoparticles, promoted the room temperature reduction of CO 2 . Due to the inhibition of van der Waals adhesion at the liquid interface, the electrode was remarkably resistant to deactivation via coking caused by solid carbonaceous species. The as-produced solid carbonaceous materials could be utilised for the fabrication of high-performance capacitor electrodes. Overall, this liquid metal enabled electrocatalytic process at room temperature may result in a viable negative emission technology.

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