Enhanced energy storage and fast discharge properties of BaTiO3 based ceramics modified by Bi(Mg1/2Zr1/2)O3
Lead-free (1-x)BaTiO3-xBi(Mg1/2Zr1/2)O3 ((1-x)BT-xBMZ) ceramics with peroskite structure were synthesized by solid-state reaction methods. (1-x)BT-xBMZ solid solution transforms from tetragonal (x≤0.04) to pseudocubic (x≥0.08) and exhibits a dispersive dielectric behavior with respect to frequency, showing typical relaxor characteristics with BMZ increasing. The optimal energy storage density of 1.25 J cm−3 and energy efficiency of >95% are obtained at x = 0.15, with maximum dielectric breakdown strength of 185 kV cm-1 at 200 μm thickness., The energy storage density and energy efficiency of 0.85BT-0.15BMZ ceramics maintain at about 0.8 J cm−3 and 89% at 150 kV cm-1 over temperature range of 25 °C∼150 °C, exhibiting good thermal stability. The pulse discharge capability of 0.85BT-0.15BMZ ceramics were measured under different electric fields, showing a short charge-discharge time of 1.3 μs. Therefore (1-x)BT-xBMZ solid solution with high energy density and efficiency, good temperature stability and fast discharge speed, is promising candidate for high power applications.