Selective Ferroelectric BiOI/Bi4Ti3O12 Heterostructures for Visible Light-Driven Photocatalysis
Ferroelectric-photocatalyst/photocatalyst heterojunctions have very attractive photocatalytic activities. Besides enhanced charge-carrier separation due to their internal electric fields, charge transfer could be even further enhanced by designing the heterojunction interface. In this work, the polarization-adsorption interaction that exists in ferroelectric materials was employed for successful deposition of BiOI on specific surfaces of Bi4Ti3O12 plates in the dark at room temperature, where the positively polarized region was found. The crystal structure, morphology, and composition of samples were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, field-emission scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, respectively. Higher photocatalytic activity was achieved by the use of heterojunctions, with the reason behind the enhancement of activity confirmed to be the modified band structure, which contributed to the transfer of photoelectrons from Bi4Ti3O12 to BiOI, the increased visible light absorption, the increased active site area of positively polarized Bi4Ti3O12, and the elimination of the screening layer, which contributes impedance in charge transfer.