Title

Exposing {010} Active Facets by Multiple-Layer Oriented Stacking Nanosheets for High-Performance Capacitive Sodium-Ion Oxide Cathode

RIS ID

129879

Publication Details

Xiao, Y., Wang, P., Yin, Y., Zhu, Y., Niu, Y., Zhang, X., Zhang, J., Yu, X., Guo, X., Zhong, B. & Guo, Y. (2018). Exposing {010} Active Facets by Multiple-Layer Oriented Stacking Nanosheets for High-Performance Capacitive Sodium-Ion Oxide Cathode. Advanced Materials, 30 (40), 1803765-1-1803765-8.

Abstract

As one of the most promising cathodes for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), O3-type layered transition metal oxides commonly suffer from inevitably complicated phase transitions and sluggish kinetics. Here, a Na[Li0.05Ni0.3Mn0.5Cu0.1Mg0.05]O2cathode material with the exposed {010} active facets by multiple-layer oriented stacking nanosheets is presented. Owing to reasonable geometrical structure design and chemical substitution, the electrode delivers outstanding rate performance (71.8 mAh g−1and 16.9 kW kg−1at 50C), remarkable cycling stability (91.9% capacity retention after 600 cycles at 5C), and excellent compatibility with hard carbon anode. Based on the combined analyses of cyclic voltammograms, ex situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and operando X-ray diffraction, the reaction mechanisms behind the superior electrochemical performance are clearly articulated. Surprisingly, Ni2+/Ni3+and Cu2+/Cu3+redox couples are simultaneously involved in the charge compensation with a highly reversible O3-P3 phase transition during charge/discharge process and the Na+storage is governed by a capacitive mechanism via quantitative kinetics analysis. This optimal bifunctional regulation strategy may offer new insights into the rational design of high-performance cathode materials for SIBs.

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Link to publisher version (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201803765