Publication Details

Yoo, H., Park, E., Bae, J., Lee, J., Chung, D. Jae., Jo, Y. Nam., Park, M., Kim, J. Ho., Dou, S. Xue., Kim, Y. & Kim, H. (2018). Si Nanocrystal-Embedded SiOxnanofoils: Two-Dimensional Nanotechnology-Enabled High Performance Li Storage Materials. Scientific Reports, 8 (1), 6904-1-6904-9.


Silicon (Si) based materials are highly desirable to replace currently used graphite anode for lithium ion batteries. Nevertheless, its usage is still a big challenge due to poor battery performance and scale-up issue. In addition, two-dimensional (2D) architectures, which remain unresolved so far, would give them more interesting and unexpected properties. Herein, we report a facile, cost-effective, and scalable approach to synthesize Si nanocrystals embedded 2D SiO x nanofoils for next-generation lithium ion batteries through a solution-evaporation-induced interfacial sol-gel reaction of hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSiO 1.5 , HSQ). The unique nature of the thus-prepared centimeter scale 2D nanofoil with a large surface area enables ultrafast Li + insertion and extraction, with a reversible capacity of more than 650 mAh g -1 , even at a high current density of 50 C (50 A g -1 ). Moreover, the 2D nanostructured Si/SiO x nanofoils show excellent cycling performance up to 200 cycles and maintain their initial dimensional stability. This superior performance stems from the peculiar nanoarchitecture of 2D Si/SiO x nanofoils, which provides short diffusion paths for lithium ions and abundant free space to effectively accommodate the huge volume changes of Si during cycling.



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