Publication Details

Raj, C. Justin., Kim, B. Chul., Cho, B., Cho, W., Kim, S., Park, S. & Yu, K. Hyun. (2016). Electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of functionalized candle flame carbon soot. Bulletin of Materials Science, 39 (1), 241-248.


The electrochemical supercapacitor behaviour of bare, washed and nitric acid functionalized candle flame carbon soots were reported. Crystallinity and the morphology of the candle soots were recorded using X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, respectively. The nitric acid functionalized candle soot showed an improved Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of 137.93 from 87.495 m 2 g -1 of washed candle soot. The presence of various functional groups in candle soots and the development of oxygen functionalities in the functionalized candle soot were examined through Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. Raman spectra showed the characteristic peaks corresponding to the D (diamond) and G (graphite) phase of carbon present in the candle soots. The electrochemical characterization was performed by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge/discharge test and impedance spectroscopy in 1 M H 2 SO 4 electrolyte. The functionalized candle soot electrode showed an enhanced specific capacitance value of 187 F g -1 at 0.15 A g -1 discharge current density, which is much higher than that of bare and washed candle soot electrodes.