Polymeric micelle assembly for the smart synthesis of mesoporous platinum nanospheres with tunable pore sizes
A facile method for the fabrication of well-dispersed mesoporous Pt nanospheres involves the use of a polymeric micelle assembly. A core-shell-corona type triblock copolymer [poly(styrene-b-2-vinylpyridine-b-ethylene oxide), PS-b- P2VP-b-PEO] is employed as the pore-directing agent. Negatively charged PtCl4 2¢ ions preferably interact with the protonated P2VP+ blocks while the free PEO chains prevent the aggregation of the Pt nanospheres. The size of the mesopores can be finely tuned by varying the length of the PS chain. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that the metallic mesoporous nanospheres thus obtained are promising candidates for applications in electrochemistry.