Publication Details

Zhang, Z., Wang, Y., Chou, S., Li, H., Liu, H. Kun. & Wang, J. (2014). α-Fe2O3/graphene nanocomposite as anode material for sodium-ion batteries with enhanced capacity retention. 17th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries (pp. 1-2). The Electrochemical Society.

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International Meeting on Lithium Batteries


Among the different energy storage systems, rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) have been widely applied in various portable electronic devices due to their high energy densities, long cycle life, and lack of significant memory effect [1]. For wide-scale implementation of renewable energy, LIBs, however, face challenges related to their safety, lifetime, and cost. Based on the wide availability and low cost of sodium, sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) have the potential for meeting the demands of large-scale and sustainable applications. Many cathode materials have been proposed, whereas only a few anode materials have been investigated for SIBs [2]. The sodium ion (1.02 Å) has a larger ionic radius than the lithium ion (0.76 Å), so that graphite cannot be used as anode for SIBs [3]. There is less choice of anode materials for SIBs. Transition metal oxides have been investigated as possible negative electrodes, relying on insertion of Na+ at low voltages. Valvo et al. reported that the electrochemical sodiation of nanostructured Fe2O3 is reversible with the voltage range of 0.05-3.0 V vs. Na+/Na, and its specific capacity is 350 mAh g-1 over 30 cycles at 40 mA g-1 [4, 5]. Fe2O3 requires further modifications, however, to overcome its limitations for SIBs, such as poor electronic conductivity, volume variations, and related cycling issues. To improve the electronic conductivity and capacity retention, we prepared α-Fe2O3/Graphene nanocomposite using the ultrafast and environmentally friendly microwave autoclave method [6].