Publication Details

Gao, X., Luo, W., Zhong, C., Wexler, D., Chou, S., Liu, H., Shi, Z., Chen, G., Ozawa, K. & Wang, J. (2014). Novel germanium/polypyrrole composite for high power lithium-ion batteries. Scientific Reports, 4 6095-1-6095-8.


Nano-Germanium/polypyrrole composite has been synthesized by chemical reduction method in aqueous solution. The Ge nanoparticles were directly coated on the surface of the polypyrrole. The morphology and structural properties of samples were determined by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Thermogravimetric analysis was carried out to determine the polypyrrole content. The electrochemical properties of the samples have been investigated and their suitability as anode materials for the lithium-ion battery was examined. The discharge capacity of the Ge nanoparticles calculated in the Ge-polypyrrole composite is 1014 mAh g-1 after 50 cycles at 0.2 C rate, which is much higher than that of pristine germanium (439 mAh g-1). The composite also demonstrates high specific discharge capacities at different current rates (1318, 1032, 661, and 460 mAh g-1 at 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 C, respectively). The superior electrochemical performance of Ge-polypyrrole composite could be attributed to the polypyrrole core, which provides an efficient transport pathway for electrons. SEM images of the electrodes have demonstrated that polypyrrole can also act as a conductive binder and alleviate the pulverization of electrode caused by the huge volume changes of the nanosized germanium particles during Li+ intercalation/de-intercalation.

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