Publication Details

Mastronardi, M. L., Chen, K. K., Liao, K., Casillas, G. & Ozin, G. A. (2015). Size-dependent chemical reactivity of silicon nanocrystals with water and oxygen. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C: Energy Conversion and Storage, Optical and Electronic Devices, Interfaces, Nanomaterials, and Hard Matter, 119 (1), 826-834.


A detailed investigation examines how the size of allylbenzene-capped silicon nanocrystals (ncSi:AB) affects their chemical reactivity with gaseous O2, H2O, and O2/H2O as probed by in situ luminescence spectroscopy. Specifically, changes in the photoluminescence (PL) of size-separated ncSi:AB are monitored through alterations of their PL absolute quantum yield (AQY) as well as the wavelength and intensity of their PL spectra over time. These experiments, conducted under both continuous and intermittent illumination, help elucidate the roles of O2, H2O, and mixtures of O2/H2O, with respect to oxidation of ncSi:AB as a function of their size, providing vital information for any perceived application in advanced materials and biomedical devices.

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