Hydrogen silsequioxane-derived Si/SiOx nanospheres for high-capacity lithium storage materials
Si/SiOx composite materials have been explored for their commercial possibility as high-performance anode materials for lithium ion batteries, but suffer from the complexity of and limited synthetic routes for their preparation. In this study, Si/SiOx nanospheres were developed using a nontoxic and precious-metal-free preparation method based on hydrogen silsesquioxane obtained from sol-gel reaction of triethoxysilane. The resulting Si/SiOx nanospheres with a uniform carbon coating layer show excellent cycle performance and rate capability with high-dimensional stability. This approach based on a scalable sol-gel reaction enables not only the development of Si/SiOx with various nanostructured forms, but also reduced production cost for mass production of nanostructured Si/SiOx.