The Department of Health announced an Independent Review of Nursing Education – Educating the Nurse of the Future (the Review) as a measure in the 2018/19 Federal Budget in May 2018. This is the first of 4 literature reviews to inform the Review. The results of these literature reviews prompt and inform discussion about particular issues. This literature review focusses on fitness for purpose, work readiness, and transition to practice. These are important issues for policy development and decision-making about the future of nursing education in Australia.