Interdisciplinary management for chronic pain in central neurological disorders: A retrospective study
Chronic pain in central neurological disorders is common and the current management of chronic pain is through an interdisciplinary approach. The aim of this study was to compare outpatient interdisciplinary-based treatment for chronic pain in patients with central neurological disorders to those without central neurological disorders.
This was a retrospective study and pain-related outcome measures were collected from a clinical outcomes registry (electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration). This registry contained data on people who attended a pain management service who, for the purpose of this study, were categorised into those with a central neurological disorder and those without a central neurological disorder. The two sample t-test was used to determine the significance of the difference between the groups and statistical significance was defined as P<0.05. Outcome measures compared included the Brief Pain Inventory, Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21, Patient Self-efficacy Questionnaire and Patient Catastrophisation Scale.
There was a total of 1924 participants with a central neurological disorder. The electronic Persistent Pain Outcomes Collaboration registry shows that after engagement with an interdisciplinary pain management service, there was a reduction in pain severity scores, interference, mean depression, anxiety and stress in both groups at end of an episode of care compared to referral. There was a significant difference in mean changes for pain catastrophising between those with a central neurological disorder (−10.3) and those without (−7.8).
This study shows that people with central neurological disorders can also benefit from interdisciplinary management and have similar results to those without these conditions.