Bachelor of Environmental Science (Honours)
School of Earth & Environmental Science
McClintock, Sophie, Trace elements in marine food species (Saccosteria commercialis, Metapenaus macleayi, Girella tricuspidata and Platycephalus fuscus) from Lake Illawarra, New South Wales, Bachelor of Environmental Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Science, University of Wollongong, 2012.
Contamination of seafood with elevated concentrations in trace metals has raised concerns for communities reliant on these resources for food. To assess the potential health risks to human consumers, seafood samples from Lake Illawarra, NSW, were analysed for the current concentrations in arsenic, cadmium, calcium, copper, iron, lead, mercury and zinc within Saccostrea commercialis (Sydney Rock Oyster) Metapenaeus macleayi (School Prawns), Girella tricuspidata (Luderick) and Platycephalus fuscus (Dusky Flathead). The oysters and prawns were sampled at two sites in Lake Illawarra, at the entrance channel and Lake Heights. A total of 24 oysters, 22 prawns, and 6 Luderick and Flathead samples were analysed at the National Measurement Institute. Copper concentrations were found to exceed recommended health standards in some samples from S. commercialis taken from the entrance. Contemporary concentrations for oyster and fish compared with past studies showed similar concentration levels, while prawn concentrations reflected similar ranges to estuaries from St Gulf and Three Mile Creek, South Australia; and were lower than concentrations reported in Mexico, India and China. This study demonstrated that concentrations for arsenic, cadmium, calcium, lead, mercury and zinc do not pose health risks.