Doctor of Philosophy
School of Medicine
Jin, Tiantian, Investigation of lupane triterpene as a novel PTP1B allosteric inhibitor for the improvement of neurite outgrowth and synaptogenesis, Doctor of Philosophy thesis, School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, 2016. http://ro.uow.edu.au/theses/4931
An impaired synaptogenesis is known to be a common neuropathology in a number of severe mental disorders including schizophrenia, Parkinson disease, bipolar and dementia. Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) has been reported to impair neurite outgrowth and synaptic formation via attenuating Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-mediated signalling. Leptin signalling also facilitates BDNF and promotes synaptogenesis which is inhibited by PTP1B. Therefore PTP1B is a potential drug target to reverse BDNF-mediated neurogenesis. In this study, lupane triterpenes, a cluster of natural products, are determined as novel PTP1B allosteric inhibitors which inhibit PTP1B with strong potency and selectivity. Lupane triterpenes inhibit psychotomimetic drug-induced PTP1B and reverse PTP1B-caused BDNF reduction and neurogenesis impairment, indicating that lupane triterpenes are potential drug candidates for PTP1B inhibition and PTP1B-related neurological disorders.