Year

2017

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

School of Computing and Information Technology

Abstract

Data integration systems play an important role in the development of distributed multi-database systems. Data integration collects data from heterogeneous and distributed sources, and provides a global view of data to the users. Systems need to process user's applications in the shortest possible time. The virtualization approach to data integration systems ensures that the answers to user requests are the most up-to-date ones. In contrast, the materialization approach reduces data transmission time at the expense of data consistency between the central and remote sites. The virtualization approach to data integration systems can be applied in either batch or online mode. Batch processing requires all data to be available at a central site before processing is started. Delays in transmission of data over a network contribute to a longer processing time. On the other hand, in an online processing mode data integration is performed piece-by-piece as soon as a unit of data is available at the central site. An online processing mode presents the partial results to the users earlier. Due to the heterogeneity of data models at the remote sites, a semistructured global view of data is required. The performance of data integration systems depends on an appropriate data model and the appropriate data integration algorithms used.

This thesis presents a new algorithm for immediate processing of data collected from remote and autonomous database systems. The algorithm utilizes the idle processing states while the central site waits for completion of data transmission to produce instant partial results. A decomposition strategy included in the algorithm balances of the computations between the central and remote sites to force maximum resource utilization at both sites. The thesis chooses the XML data model for the representation of semistructured data, and presents a new formalization of the XML data model together with a set of algebraic operations. The XML data model is used to provide a virtual global view of semistructured data. The algebraic operators are consistent with operations of relational algebra, such that any existing syntax based query optimization technique developed for the relational model of data can be directly applied. The thesis shows how to optimize online processing by generating one online integration plan for several data increments. Further, the thesis shows how each independent increment expression can be processed in a parallel mode on a multi core processor system. The dynamic scheduling system proposed in the thesis is able to defer or terminate a plan such that materialization updates and unnecessary computations are minimized. The thesis shows that processing data chunks of fragmented XML documents allows for data integration in a shorter period of time.

Finally, the thesis provides a clear formalization of the semistructured data model, a set of algorithms with high-level descriptions, and running examples. These formal backgrounds show that the proposed algorithms are implementable.

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