Year

1982

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Department of Civil and Mining Engineering

Abstract

Accidents occur and result In death, Injury, damage. Inconvenience and economic loss; some are reported, the reports are collected and collated; various outputs of information are produced. The outputs are used in many ways, some quite non-productive in affecting the occurrence or severity of the accidents. The collection and processing of accident data must be viewed today in relation to the legal requirements for reporting accidents; the definitions (legal or otherwise) related to roads, intersections and physical features; and the regulations that govern the registration of vehicles, the equipment on/in vehicles and the manner of useage of vehicles on roads. The legal obligations on road users imposed by traffic signs, signals and other controls should also be taken into account. This work examines certain aspects of what data should/could be collected, how it can be classified after collection, how the accidents can be located and assigned an accident-type and then how this transformed data can be used to "size-up" the particurlar accident problems in a city or country and provide a systematic approach to the reduction of accidents and/or their severity and cost.

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